BloodHound Cypher Cheatsheet

Bloodhound uses Neo4j, a graphing database, which uses the Cypher language. Cypher is a bit complex since it’s almost like programming with ASCII art. This cheatsheet aims to cover some Cypher queries that can easily be pasted into Bloodhound GUI and or Neo4j Console to leverage more than the default queries. This cheatsheet is separated by whether the query is for the GUI or console. For the console, it means they cannot be executed via Bloodhound GUI and must be done via the neo4j console.

ingui
Executing via GUI
inconsole
Executing via neo4j console

To also make life easier, I’ve taken the applicable queries here and made them compatible within the “Custom Queries” section in the GUI. You can download that here: https://github.com/hausec/Bloodhound-Custom-Queries

Table of Contents

GUI/Graph Queries

Console Queries

GUI/Graph Queries

Find All Users with an SPN/Find all Kerberoastable Users            

MATCH (n:User)WHERE n.hasspn=true
RETURN n

Find All Users with an SPN/Find all Kerberoastable Users with passwords last set > 5 years ago       

MATCH (u:User) WHERE u.hasspn=true AND u.pwdlastset < (datetime().epochseconds - (1825 * 86400)) AND NOT u.pwdlastset IN [-1.0, 0.0]
RETURN u.name, u.pwdlastset order by u.pwdlastset

Find SPNs with keywords (swap SQL with whatever)      

MATCH (u:User) WHERE ANY (x IN u.serviceprincipalnames WHERE toUpper(x) CONTAINS 'SQL')RETURN u

Kerberoastable Users with a path to DA              

MATCH (u:User {hasspn:true}) MATCH (g:Group) WHERE g.name CONTAINS 'DOMAIN ADMINS' MATCH p = shortestPath( (u)-[*1..]->(g) ) RETURN p

Find workstations a user can RDP into. 

match p=(g:Group)-[:CanRDP]->(c:Computer) where g.objectid ENDS WITH '-513'  AND NOT c.operatingsystem CONTAINS 'Server' return p

Find servers a user can RDP into.            

match p=(g:Group)-[:CanRDP]->(c:Computer) where  g.objectid ENDS WITH '-513'  AND c.operatingsystem CONTAINS 'Server' return p   

DA sessions not on a certain group (e.g. domain controllers)

OPTIONAL MATCH (c:Computer)-[:MemberOf]->(t:Group) WHERE NOT t.name = 'DOMAIN CONTROLLERS@TESTLAB.LOCAL' WITH c as NonDC MATCH p=(NonDC)-[:HasSession]->(n:User)-[:MemberOf]->(g:Group {name:”DOMAIN ADMINS@TESTLAB.LOCAL”}) RETURN DISTINCT (n.name) as Username, COUNT(DISTINCT(NonDC)) as Connexions ORDER BY COUNT(DISTINCT(NonDC)) DESC

Find all computers with Unconstrained Delegation         

MATCH (c:Computer {unconstraineddelegation:true}) return c

Find unsupported OSs  

MATCH (H:Computer) WHERE H.operatingsystem =~ '.*(2000|2003|2008|xp|vista|7|me)*.' RETURN H

 

Find users that logged in within the last 90 days. Change 90 to whatever threshold you want.         

MATCH (u:User) WHERE u.lastlogon < (datetime().epochseconds - (90 * 86400)) and NOT u.lastlogon IN [-1.0, 0.0] RETURN u

Find users with passwords last set thin the last 90 days. Change 90 to whatever threshold you want.

MATCH (u:User) WHERE u.pwdlastset < (datetime().epochseconds - (90 * 86400)) and NOT u.pwdlastset IN [-1.0, 0.0] RETURN u

Find all sessions any user in a specific domain has

MATCH p=(m:Computer)-[r:HasSession]->(n:User {domain: "TEST.LOCAL"}) RETURN p


View all GPOs   

Match (n:GPO) return n

View all GPOs that contain a keyword   

Match (n:GPO) WHERE n.name CONTAINS "SERVER" return n

View all groups that contain the word ‘admin’  

Match (n:Group) WHERE n.name CONTAINS "ADMIN" return n

Find user that doesn’t require kerberos pre-authentication (aka AS-REP Roasting)          

MATCH (u:User {dontreqpreauth: true}) RETURN u

Find a group with keywords. E.g. SQL ADMINS or SQL 2017 ADMINS      

MATCH (g:Group) WHERE g.name =~ '(?i).SQL.ADMIN.*' RETURN g

Show all high value target group             

MATCH p=(n:User)-[r:MemberOf*1..]->(m:Group {highvalue:true}) RETURN p

Shortest paths to Domain Admins group from computers:          

MATCH (n:Computer),(m:Group {name:'DOMAIN ADMINS@DOMAIN.GR'}),p=shortestPath((n)-[r:MemberOf|HasSession|AdminTo|AllExtendedRights|AddMember|ForceChangePassword|GenericAll|GenericWrite|Owns|WriteDacl|WriteOwner|CanRDP|ExecuteDCOM|AllowedToDelegate|ReadLAPSPassword|Contains|GpLink|AddAllowedToAct|AllowedToAct*1..]->(m)) RETURN p

Shortest paths to Domain Admins group from computers excluding potential DCs (based on ldap/ and GC/ spns):              

WITH '(?i)ldap/.*' as regex_one WITH '(?i)gc/.*' as regex_two MATCH (n:Computer) WHERE NOT ANY(item IN n.serviceprincipalnames WHERE item =~ regex_two OR item =~ regex_two ) MATCH(m:Group {name:"DOMAIN ADMINS@DOMAIN.GR"}),p=shortestPath((n)-[r:MemberOf|HasSession|AdminTo|AllExtendedRights|AddMember|ForceChangePassword|GenericAll|GenericWrite|Owns|WriteDacl|WriteOwner|CanRDP|ExecuteDCOM|AllowedToDelegate|ReadLAPSPassword|Contains|GpLink|AddAllowedToAct|AllowedToAct*1..]->(m)) RETURN p

Shortest paths to Domain Admins group from all domain groups (fix-it):              

MATCH (n:Group),(m:Group {name:'DOMAIN ADMINS@DOMAIN.GR'}),p=shortestPath((n)-[r:MemberOf|HasSession|AdminTo|AllExtendedRights|AddMember|ForceChangePassword|GenericAll|GenericWrite|Owns|WriteDacl|WriteOwner|CanRDP|ExecuteDCOM|AllowedToDelegate|ReadLAPSPassword|Contains|GpLink|AddAllowedToAct|AllowedToAct*1..]->(m)) RETURN p

Shortest paths to Domain Admins group from non-privileged groups (AdminCount=false)              

MATCH (n:Group {admincount:false}),(m:Group {name:'DOMAIN ADMINS@DOMAIN.GR'}),p=shortestPath((n)-[r:MemberOf|HasSession|AdminTo|AllExtendedRights|AddMember|ForceChangePassword|GenericAll|GenericWrite|Owns|WriteDacl|WriteOwner|CanRDP|ExecuteDCOM|AllowedToDelegate|ReadLAPSPassword|Contains|GpLink|AddAllowedToAct|AllowedToAct*1..]->(m)) RETURN p

Shortest paths to Domain Admins group from the Domain Users group:              

MATCH (g:Group) WHERE g.name =~ 'DOMAIN USERS@.*' MATCH (g1:Group) WHERE g1.name =~ 'DOMAIN ADMINS@.*' OPTIONAL MATCH p=shortestPath((g)-[r:MemberOf|HasSession|AdminTo|AllExtendedRights|AddMember|ForceChangePassword|GenericAll|GenericWrite|Owns|WriteDacl|WriteOwner|CanRDP|ExecuteDCOM|AllowedToDelegate|ReadLAPSPassword|Contains|GpLink|AddAllowedToAct|AllowedToAct|SQLAdmin*1..]->(g1)) RETURN p

Find interesting privileges/ACEs that have been configured to DOMAIN USERS group:   

MATCH (m:Group) WHERE m.name =~ 'DOMAIN USERS@.*' MATCH p=(m)-[r:Owns|:WriteDacl|:GenericAll|:WriteOwner|:ExecuteDCOM|:GenericWrite|:AllowedToDelegate|:ForceChangePassword]->(n:Computer) RETURN p

Shortest paths to Domain Admins group from non privileged users (AdminCount=false):              

MATCH (n:User {admincount:false}),(m:Group {name:'DOMAIN ADMINS@DOMAIN.GR'}),p=shortestPath((n)-[r:MemberOf|HasSession|AdminTo|AllExtendedRights|AddMember|ForceChangePassword|GenericAll|GenericWrite|Owns|WriteDacl|WriteOwner|CanRDP|ExecuteDCOM|AllowedToDelegate|ReadLAPSPassword|Contains|GpLink|AddAllowedToAct|AllowedToAct*1..]->(m)) RETURN p

Find all Edges that a specific user has against all the nodes (HasSession is not calculated, as it is an edge that comes from computer to user, not from user to computer):    

MATCH (n:User) WHERE n.name =~ 'HELPDESK@DOMAIN.GR'MATCH (m) WHERE NOT m.name = n.name MATCH p=allShortestPaths((n)-[r:MemberOf|HasSession|AdminTo|AllExtendedRights|AddMember|ForceChangePassword|GenericAll|GenericWrite|Owns|WriteDacl|WriteOwner|CanRDP|ExecuteDCOM|AllowedToDelegate|ReadLAPSPassword|Contains|GpLink|AddAllowedToAct|AllowedToAct|SQLAdmin*1..]->(m)) RETURN p

Find all the Edges that any UNPRIVILEGED user (based on the admincount:False) has against all the nodes:    

MATCH (n:User {admincount:False}) MATCH (m) WHERE NOT m.name = n.name MATCH p=allShortestPaths((n)-[r:MemberOf|HasSession|AdminTo|AllExtendedRights|AddMember|ForceChangePassword|GenericAll|GenericWrite|Owns|WriteDacl|WriteOwner|CanRDP|ExecuteDCOM|AllowedToDelegate|ReadLAPSPassword|Contains|GpLink|AddAllowedToAct|AllowedToAct|SQLAdmin*1..]->(m)) RETURN p

Find interesting edges related to “ACL Abuse” that uprivileged users have against other users:   

MATCH (n:User {admincount:False}) MATCH (m:User) WHERE NOT m.name = n.name MATCH p=allShortestPaths((n)-[r:AllExtendedRights|ForceChangePassword|GenericAll|GenericWrite|Owns|WriteDacl|WriteOwner*1..]->(m)) RETURN p

Find interesting edges related to “ACL Abuse” that unprivileged users have against computers:        

MATCH (n:User {admincount:False}) MATCH p=allShortestPaths((n)-[r:AllExtendedRights|GenericAll|GenericWrite|Owns|WriteDacl|WriteOwner|AdminTo|CanRDP|ExecuteDCOM|ForceChangePassword*1..]->(m:Computer)) RETURN p

Find if unprivileged users have rights to add members into groups:        

MATCH (n:User {admincount:False}) MATCH p=allShortestPaths((n)-[r:AddMember*1..]->(m:Group)) RETURN p

Find the active user sessions on all domain computers: 

MATCH p1=shortestPath(((u1:User)-[r1:MemberOf*1..]->(g1:Group))) MATCH p2=(c:Computer)-[*1]->(u1) RETURN p2

Find all the privileges (edges) of the domain users against the domain computers (e.g. CanRDP, AdminTo etc. HasSession edge is not included):            

MATCH p1=shortestPath(((u1:User)-[r1:MemberOf*1..]->(g1:Group))) MATCH p2=(u1)-[*1]->(c:Computer) RETURN p2

Find only the AdminTo privileges (edges) of the domain users against the domain computers:        

MATCH p1=shortestPath(((u1:User)-[r1:MemberOf*1..]->(g1:Group))) MATCH p2=(u1)-[:AdminTo*1..]->(c:Computer) RETURN p2

Find only the CanRDP privileges (edges) of the domain users against the domain computers:        

MATCH p1=shortestPath(((u1:User)-[r1:MemberOf*1..]->(g1:Group))) MATCH p2=(u1)-[:CanRDP*1..]->(c:Computer) RETURN p2

Display in BH a specific user with constrained deleg and his targets where he allowed to delegate:            

MATCH (u:User {name:'USER@DOMAIN.GR'}),(c:Computer),p=((u)-[r:AllowedToDelegate]->(c)) RETURN p

Console Queries

Find what groups can RDP          

MATCH p=(m:Group)-[r:CanRDP]->(n:Computer) RETURN m.name, n.name ORDER BY m.name

Find what groups can reset passwords  

MATCH p=(m:Group)-[r:ForceChangePassword]->(n:User) RETURN m.name, n.name ORDER BY m.name

Find what groups have local admin rights           

MATCH p=(m:Group)-[r:AdminTo]->(n:Computer) RETURN m.name, n.name ORDER BY m.name

Find what users have local admin rights              

MATCH p=(m:User)-[r:AdminTo]->(n:Computer) RETURN m.name, n.name ORDER BY m.name

List the groups of all owned users           

MATCH (m:User) WHERE m.owned=TRUE WITH m MATCH p=(m)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(n:Group) RETURN m.name, n.name ORDER BY m.name

List the unique groups of all owned users           

MATCH (m:User) WHERE m.owned=TRUE WITH m MATCH (m)-[r:MemberOf*1..]->(n:Group) RETURN DISTINCT(n.name)

All active DA sessions    

MATCH (n:User)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(g:Group) WHERE g.objectid ENDS WITH '-512' MATCH p = (c:Computer)-[:HasSession]->(n) return p

Find all active sessions a member of a group has             

MATCH (n:User)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(g:Group {name:'DOMAIN ADMINS@TESTLAB.LOCAL'}) MATCH p = (c:Computer)-[:HasSession]->(n) return p

Can an object from domain ‘A’ do anything to an object in domain ‘B’   

MATCH (n {domain:"TEST.LOCAL"})-[r]->(m {domain:"LAB.LOCAL"}) RETURN LABELS(n)[0],n.name,TYPE(r),LABELS(m)[0],m.name

Find all connections to a different domain/forest            

MATCH (n)-[r]->(m) WHERE NOT n.domain = m.domain RETURN LABELS(n)[0],n.name,TYPE(r),LABELS(m)[0],m.name

Find All Users with an SPN/Find all Kerberoastable Users with passwords last set > 5 years ago (In Console)              

MATCH (u:User) WHERE n.hasspn=true AND WHERE u.pwdlastset < (datetime().epochseconds - (1825 * 86400)) and NOT u.pwdlastset IN [-1.0, 0.0] RETURN u.name, u.pwdlastset order by u.pwdlastset

Kerberoastable Users with most privileges         

MATCH (u:User {hasspn:true}) OPTIONAL MATCH (u)-[:AdminTo]->(c1:Computer) OPTIONAL MATCH (u)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(:Group)-[:AdminTo]->(c2:Computer) WITH u,COLLECT(c1) + COLLECT(c2) AS tempVar UNWIND tempVar AS comps RETURN u.name,COUNT(DISTINCT(comps)) ORDER BY COUNT(DISTINCT(comps)) DESC

Find users that logged in within the last 90 days. Change 90 to whatever threshold you want. (In Console)         

MATCH (u:User) WHERE u.lastlogon < (datetime().epochseconds - (90 * 86400)) and NOT u.lastlogon IN [-1.0, 0.0] RETURN u.name, u.lastlogon order by u.lastlogon

Find users with passwords last set within the last 90 days. Change 90 to whatever threshold you want. (In Console)            

MATCH (u:User) WHERE u.pwdlastset < (datetime().epochseconds - (90 * 86400)) and NOT u.pwdlastset IN [-1.0, 0.0] RETURN u.name, u.pwdlastset order by u.pwdlastset

List users and their login times + pwd last set times in human readable format

MATCH (n:User) WHERE n.enabled = TRUE RETURN n.name, datetime({epochSeconds: toInteger(n.pwdlastset) }), datetime({epochSeconds: toInteger(n.lastlogon) }) order by n.pwdlastset

Find constrained delegation (In Console)            

MATCH (u:User)-[:AllowedToDelegate]->(c:Computer) RETURN u.name,COUNT(c) ORDER BY COUNT(c) DESC

View OUs based on member count. (In Console)             

MATCH (o:OU)-[:Contains]->(c:Computer) RETURN o.name,o.guid,COUNT(c) ORDER BY COUNT(c) DESC

Return each OU that has a Windows Server in it (In Console)     

MATCH (o:OU)-[:Contains]->(c:Computer) WHERE toUpper(c.operatingsystem) STARTS WITH "WINDOWS SERVER" RETURN o.name

Find computers that allow unconstrained delegation that AREN’T domain controllers. (In Console)             

MATCH (c1:Computer)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(g:Group) WHERE g.objectsid ENDS WITH '-516' WITH COLLECT(c1.name) AS domainControllers MATCH (c2:Computer {unconstraineddelegation:true}) WHERE NOT c2.name IN domainControllers RETURN c2.name,c2.operatingsystem ORDER BY c2.name ASC

Find the number of principals with control of a “high value” asset where the principal itself does not belong to a “high value” group             

MATCH (n {highvalue:true}) OPTIONAL MATCH (m1)-[{isacl:true}]->(n) WHERE NOT (m1)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(:Group {highvalue:true}) OPTIONAL MATCH (m2)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(:Group)-[{isacl:true}]->(n) WHERE NOT (m2)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(:Group {highvalue:true}) WITH n,COLLECT(m1) + COLLECT(m2) AS tempVar UNWIND tempVar AS controllers RETURN n.name,COUNT(DISTINCT(controllers)) ORDER BY COUNT(DISTINCT(controllers)) DESC

Enumerate all properties (In Console)   

Match (n:Computer) return properties(n)

Match users that are not AdminCount 1, have generic all, and no local admin   

MATCH (u:User)-[:GenericAll]->(c:Computer) WHERE  NOT u.admincount AND NOT (u)-[:AdminTo]->(c) RETURN u.name, c.name

What permissions does Everyone/Authenticated users/Domain users/Domain computers have

MATCH p=(m:Group)-[r:AddMember|AdminTo|AllExtendedRights|AllowedToDelegate|CanRDP|Contains|ExecuteDCOM|ForceChangePassword|GenericAll|GenericWrite|GetChanges|GetChangesAll|HasSession|Owns|ReadLAPSPassword|SQLAdmin|TrustedBy|WriteDACL|WriteOwner|AddAllowedToAct|AllowedToAct]->(t) WHERE m.objectsid ENDS WITH '-513' OR m.objectsid ENDS WITH '-515' OR m.objectsid ENDS WITH 'S-1-5-11' OR m.objectsid ENDS WITH 'S-1-1-0' RETURN m.name,TYPE(r),t.name,t.enabled

Find computers with descriptions and display them (along with the description, sometimes admins save sensitive data on domain objects descriptions like passwords):      

MATCH (c:Computer) WHERE c.description IS NOT NULL RETURN c.name,c.description

Return the name of every computer in the database where at least one SPN for the computer contains the string “MSSQL”:

MATCH (c:Computer) WHERE ANY (x IN c.serviceprincipalnames WHERE toUpper(x) CONTAINS 'MSSQL') RETURN c.name,c.serviceprincipalnames ORDER BY c.name ASC

Find any computer that is NOT a domain controller and it is trusted to perform unconstrained delegation:         

MATCH (c1:Computer)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(g:Group) WHERE g.objectid ENDS WITH '-516' WITH COLLECT(c1.name) AS domainControllers MATCH (c2:Computer {unconstraineddelegation:true}) WHERE NOT c2.name IN domainControllers RETURN c2.name,c2.operatingsystem ORDER BY c2.name ASC

Find every computer account that has local admin rights on other computers. Return in descending order of the number of computers the computer account has local admin rights to:            

MATCH (c1:Computer) OPTIONAL MATCH (c1)-[:AdminTo]->(c2:Computer) OPTIONAL MATCH (c1)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(:Group)-[:AdminTo]->(c3:Computer) WITH COLLECT(c2) + COLLECT(c3) AS tempVar,c1 UNWIND tempVar AS computers RETURN c1.name AS COMPUTER,COUNT(DISTINCT(computers)) AS ADMIN_TO_COMPUTERS ORDER BY COUNT(DISTINCT(computers)) DESC

Alternatively, find every computer that has local admin rights on other computers and display these computers:            

MATCH (c1:Computer) OPTIONAL MATCH (c1)-[:AdminTo]->(c2:Computer) OPTIONAL MATCH (c1)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(:Group)-[:AdminTo]->(c3:Computer) WITH COLLECT(c2) + COLLECT(c3) AS tempVar,c1 UNWIND tempVar AS computers RETURN c1.name AS COMPUTER,COLLECT(DISTINCT(computers.name)) AS ADMIN_TO_COMPUTERS ORDER BY c1.name

Get the names of the computers without admins, sorted by alphabetic order:   

MATCH (n)-[r:AdminTo]->(c:Computer) WITH COLLECT(c.name) as compsWithAdmins MATCH (c2:Computer) WHERE NOT c2.name in compsWithAdmins RETURN c2.name ORDER BY c2.name ASC

Show computers (excluding Domain Controllers) where Domain Admins are logged in: 

MATCH (n:User)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(g:Group {name:'DOMAIN ADMINS@DOMAIN.GR'}) WITH n as privusers

 Find the percentage of computers with path to Domain Admins:            

MATCH (totalComputers:Computer {domain:'DOMAIN.GR'}) MATCH p=shortestPath((ComputersWithPath:Computer {domain:'DOMAIN.GR'})-[r*1..]->(g:Group {name:'DOMAIN ADMINS@DOMAIN.GR'})) WITH COUNT(DISTINCT(totalComputers)) as totalComputers, COUNT(DISTINCT(ComputersWithPath)) as ComputersWithPath RETURN 100.0 * ComputersWithPath / totalComputers AS percentComputersToDA

Find on each computer who can RDP (searching only enabled users):     

MATCH (c:Computer) OPTIONAL MATCH (u:User)-[:CanRDP]->(c) WHERE u.enabled=true OPTIONAL MATCH (u1:User)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(:Group)-[:CanRDP]->(c) where u1.enabled=true WITH COLLECT(u) + COLLECT(u1) as tempVar,c UNWIND tempVar as users RETURN c.name AS COMPUTER,COLLECT(DISTINCT(users.name)) as USERS ORDER BY USERS desc

Find on each computer the number of users with admin rights (local admins) and display the users with admin rights:      

MATCH (c:Computer) OPTIONAL MATCH (u1:User)-[:AdminTo]->(c) OPTIONAL MATCH (u2:User)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(:Group)-[:AdminTo]->(c) WITH COLLECT(u1) + COLLECT(u2) AS TempVar,c UNWIND TempVar AS Admins RETURN c.name AS COMPUTER, COUNT(DISTINCT(Admins)) AS ADMIN_COUNT,COLLECT(DISTINCT(Admins.name)) AS USERS ORDER BY ADMIN_COUNT DESC

Active Directory group with default privileged rights on domain users and groups, plus the ability to logon to Domain Controllers        

MATCH (u:User)-[r1:MemberOf*1..]->(g1:Group {name:'ACCOUNT OPERATORS@DOMAIN.GR'}) RETURN u.name

Find which domain Groups are Admins to what computers:       

MATCH (g:Group) OPTIONAL MATCH (g)-[:AdminTo]->(c1:Computer) OPTIONAL MATCH (g)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(:Group)-[:AdminTo]->(c2:Computer) WITH g, COLLECT(c1) + COLLECT(c2) AS tempVar UNWIND tempVar AS computers RETURN g.name AS GROUP, COLLECT(computers.name) AS AdminRights

Find which domain Groups (excluding the Domain Admins and Enterprise Admins) are Admins to what computers:      

MATCH (g:Group) WHERE NOT (g.name =~ '(?i)domain admins@.*' OR g.name =~ "(?i)enterprise admins@.*") OPTIONAL MATCH (g)-[:AdminTo]->(c1:Computer) OPTIONAL MATCH (g)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(:Group)-[:AdminTo]->(c2:Computer) WITH g, COLLECT(c1) + COLLECT(c2) AS tempVar UNWIND tempVar AS computers RETURN g.name AS GROUP, COLLECT(computers.name) AS AdminRights

Find which domain Groups (excluding the high privileged groups marked with AdminCount=true) are Admins to what computers:       

MATCH (g:Group) WHERE g.admincount=false OPTIONAL MATCH (g)-[:AdminTo]->(c1:Computer) OPTIONAL MATCH (g)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(:Group)-[:AdminTo]->(c2:Computer) WITH g, COLLECT(c1) + COLLECT(c2) AS tempVar UNWIND tempVar AS computers RETURN g.name AS GROUP, COLLECT(computers.name) AS AdminRights

Find the most privileged groups on the domain (groups that are Admins to Computers. Nested groups will be calculated):          

MATCH (g:Group) OPTIONAL MATCH (g)-[:AdminTo]->(c1:Computer) OPTIONAL MATCH (g)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(:Group)-[:AdminTo]->(c2:Computer) WITH g, COLLECT(c1) + COLLECT(c2) AS tempVar UNWIND tempVar AS computers RETURN g.name AS GroupName,COUNT(DISTINCT(computers)) AS AdminRightCount ORDER BY AdminRightCount DESC

Find the number of computers that do not have local Admins:  

MATCH (n)-[r:AdminTo]->(c:Computer) WITH COLLECT(c.name) as compsWithAdmins MATCH (c2:Computer) WHERE NOT c2.name in compsWithAdmins RETURN COUNT(c2)

Find groups with most local admins (either explicit admins or derivative/unrolled):        

MATCH (g:Group) WITH g OPTIONAL MATCH (g)-[r:AdminTo]->(c1:Computer) WITH g,COUNT(c1) as explicitAdmins OPTIONAL MATCH (g)-[r:MemberOf*1..]->(a:Group)-[r2:AdminTo]->(c2:Computer) WITH g,explicitAdmins,COUNT(DISTINCT(c2)) as unrolledAdmins RETURN g.name,explicitAdmins,unrolledAdmins, explicitAdmins + unrolledAdmins as totalAdmins ORDER BY totalAdmins DESC

Find percentage of non-privileged groups (based on admincount:false) to Domain Admins group:  

MATCH (totalGroups:Group {admincount:false}) MATCH p=shortestPath((GroupsWithPath:Group {admincount:false})-[r*1..]->(g:Group {name:'DOMAIN ADMINS@DOMAIN.GR'})) WITH COUNT(DISTINCT(totalGroups)) as totalGroups, COUNT(DISTINCT(GroupsWithPath)) as GroupsWithPath RETURN 100.0 * GroupsWithPath / totalGroups AS percentGroupsToDA

Find every user object where the “userpassword” attribute is populated (wald0):           

MATCH (u:User) WHERE NOT u.userpassword IS null RETURN u.name,u.userpassword

Find every user that doesn’t require kerberos pre-authentication (wald0):          

MATCH (u:User {dontreqpreauth: true}) RETURN u.name

Find all users trusted to perform constrained delegation. The result is ordered by the amount of computers:  

MATCH (u:User)-[:AllowedToDelegate]->(c:Computer) RETURN u.name,COUNT(c) ORDER BY COUNT(c) DESC

Find the active sessions that a specific domain user has on all domain computers:          

MATCH p1=shortestPath(((u1:User {name:'USER@DOMAIN.GR'})-[r1:MemberOf*1..]->(g1:Group))) MATCH (c:Computer)-[r:HasSession*1..]->(u1) RETURN DISTINCT(u1.name) as users, c.name as computers ORDER BY computers

Count the number of the computers where each domain user has direct Admin privileges to:         

MATCH (u:User)-[:AdminTo]->(c:Computer) RETURN count(DISTINCT(c.name)) AS COMPUTER, u.name AS USER ORDER BY count(DISTINCT(c.name)) DESC

Count the number of the computers where each domain user has derivative Admin privileges to:     

MATCH (u:User)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(:Group)-[:AdminTo]->(c:Computer) RETURN count(DISTINCT(c.name)) AS COMPUTER, u.name AS USER ORDER BY u.name

Display the computer names where each domain user has derivative Admin privileges to:              

MATCH (u:User)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(:Group)-[:AdminTo]->(c:Computer) RETURN DISTINCT(c.name) AS COMPUTER, u.name AS USER ORDER BY u.name

Find Kerberoastable users who are members of high value groups:        

MATCH (u:User)-[r:MemberOf*1..]->(g:Group) WHERE g.highvalue=true AND u.hasspn=true RETURN u.name AS USER

Find Kerberoastable users and where they are AdminTo:            

OPTIONAL MATCH (u1:User) WHERE u1.hasspn=true OPTIONAL MATCH (u1)-[r:AdminTo]->(c:Computer) RETURN u1.name AS user_with_spn,c.name AS local_admin_to

Find the percentage of users with a path to Domain Admins:     

MATCH (totalUsers:User {domain:'DOMAIN.GR'}) MATCH p=shortestPath((UsersWithPath:User {domain:'DOMAIN.GR'})-[r*1..]->(g:Group {name:'DOMAIN ADMINS@DOMAIN.GR'})) WITH COUNT(DISTINCT(totalUsers)) as totalUsers, COUNT(DISTINCT(UsersWithPath)) as UsersWithPath RETURN 100.0 * UsersWithPath / totalUsers AS percentUsersToDA

Find the percentage of enabled users that have a path to high value groups:     

MATCH (u:User {domain:'DOMAIN.GR',enabled:True}) MATCH (g:Group {domain:'DOMAIN.GR'}) WHERE g.highvalue = True WITH g, COUNT(u) as userCount MATCH p = shortestPath((u:User {domain:'DOMAIN.GR',enabled:True})-[*1..]->(g)) RETURN 100.0 * COUNT(distinct u) / userCount

List of unique users with a path to a Group tagged as “highvalue”:         

MATCH (u:User) MATCH (g:Group {highvalue:true}) MATCH p = shortestPath((u:User)-[r:AddMember|AdminTo|AllExtendedRights|AllowedToDelegate|CanRDP|Contains|ExecuteDCOM|ForceChangePassword|GenericAll|GenericWrite|GpLink|HasSession|MemberOf|Owns|ReadLAPSPassword|TrustedBy|WriteDacl|WriteOwner|GetChanges|GetChangesAll*1..]->(g)) RETURN DISTINCT(u.name) AS USER, u.enabled as ENABLED,count(p) as PATHS order by u.name

Find users who are NOT marked as “Sensitive and Cannot Be Delegated” and have Administrative access to a computer, and where those users have sessions on servers with Unconstrained Delegation enabled (by NotMedic):        

MATCH (u:User {sensitive:false})-[:MemberOf*1..]->(:Group)-[:AdminTo]->(c1:Computer) WITH u,c1 MATCH (c2:Computer {unconstraineddelegation:true})-[:HasSession]->(u) RETURN u.name AS user,COLLECT(DISTINCT(c1.name)) AS AdminTo,COLLECT(DISTINCT(c2.name)) AS TicketLocation ORDER BY user ASC

Find users with constrained delegation permissions and the corresponding targets where they allowed to delegate:           

MATCH (u:User) WHERE u.allowedtodelegate IS NOT NULL RETURN u.name,u.allowedtodelegate

Alternatively, search for users with constrained delegation permissions,the corresponding targets where they are allowed to delegate, the privileged users that can be impersonated (based on sensitive:false and admincount:true) and find where these users (with constrained deleg privs) have active sessions (user hunting) as well as count the shortest paths to them: 

OPTIONAL MATCH (u:User {sensitive:false, admincount:true}) WITH u.name AS POSSIBLE_TARGETS OPTIONAL MATCH (n:User) WHERE n.allowedtodelegate IS NOT NULL WITH n AS USER_WITH_DELEG, n.allowedtodelegate as DELEGATE_TO, POSSIBLE_TARGETS OPTIONAL MATCH (c:Computer)-[:HasSession]->(USER_WITH_DELEG) WITH USER_WITH_DELEG,DELEGATE_TO,POSSIBLE_TARGETS,c.name AS USER_WITH_DELEG_HAS_SESSION_TO OPTIONAL MATCH p=shortestPath((o)-[r:MemberOf|HasSession|AdminTo|AllExtendedRights|AddMember|ForceChangePassword|GenericAll|GenericWrite|Owns|WriteDacl|WriteOwner|CanRDP|ExecuteDCOM|AllowedToDelegate|ReadLAPSPassword|Contains|GpLink|AddAllowedToAct|AllowedToAct*1..]->(USER_WITH_DELEG)) WHERE NOT o=USER_WITH_DELEG WITH USER_WITH_DELEG,DELEGATE_TO,POSSIBLE_TARGETS,USER_WITH_DELEG_HAS_SESSION_TO,p RETURN USER_WITH_DELEG.name AS USER_WITH_DELEG, DELEGATE_TO, COLLECT(DISTINCT(USER_WITH_DELEG_HAS_SESSION_TO)) AS USER_WITH_DELEG_HAS_SESSION_TO, COLLECT(DISTINCT(POSSIBLE_TARGETS)) AS PRIVILEGED_USERS_TO_IMPERSONATE, COUNT(DISTINCT(p)) AS PATHS_TO_USER_WITH_DELEG

Find computers with constrained delegation permissions and the corresponding targets where they allowed to delegate:             

MATCH (c:Computer) WHERE c.allowedtodelegate IS NOT NULL RETURN c.name,c.allowedtodelegate

Alternatively, search for computers with constrained delegation permissions, the corresponding targets where they are allowed to delegate, the privileged users that can be impersonated (based on sensitive:false and admincount:true) and find who is LocalAdmin on these computers as well as count the shortest paths to them:            

OPTIONAL MATCH (u:User {sensitive:false, admincount:true}) WITH u.name AS POSSIBLE_TARGETS OPTIONAL MATCH (n:Computer) WHERE n.allowedtodelegate IS NOT NULL WITH n AS COMPUTERS_WITH_DELEG, n.allowedtodelegate as DELEGATE_TO, POSSIBLE_TARGETS OPTIONAL MATCH (u1:User)-[:AdminTo]->(COMPUTERS_WITH_DELEG) WITH u1 AS DIRECT_ADMINS,POSSIBLE_TARGETS,COMPUTERS_WITH_DELEG,DELEGATE_TO OPTIONAL MATCH (u2:User)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(:Group)-[:AdminTo]->(COMPUTERS_WITH_DELEG) WITH COLLECT(DIRECT_ADMINS) + COLLECT(u2) AS TempVar,COMPUTERS_WITH_DELEG,DELEGATE_TO,POSSIBLE_TARGETS UNWIND TempVar AS LOCAL_ADMINS OPTIONAL MATCH p=shortestPath((o)-[r:MemberOf|HasSession|AdminTo|AllExtendedRights|AddMember|ForceChangePassword|GenericAll|GenericWrite|Owns|WriteDacl|WriteOwner|CanRDP|ExecuteDCOM|AllowedToDelegate|ReadLAPSPassword|Contains|GpLink|AddAllowedToAct|AllowedToAct*1..]->(COMPUTERS_WITH_DELEG)) WHERE NOT o=COMPUTERS_WITH_DELEG WITH COMPUTERS_WITH_DELEG,DELEGATE_TO,POSSIBLE_TARGETS,p,LOCAL_ADMINS RETURN COMPUTERS_WITH_DELEG.name AS COMPUTERS_WITH_DELG, LOCAL_ADMINS.name AS LOCAL_ADMINS_TO_COMPUTERS_WITH_DELG, DELEGATE_TO, COLLECT(DISTINCT(POSSIBLE_TARGETS)) AS PRIVILEGED_USERS_TO_IMPERSONATE, COUNT(DISTINCT(p)) AS PATHS_TO_USER_WITH_DELEG

Find if any domain user has interesting permissions against a GPO:        

MATCH p=(u:User)-[r:AllExtendedRights|GenericAll|GenericWrite|Owns|WriteDacl|WriteOwner|GpLink*1..]->(g:GPO) RETURN p LIMIT 25

Show me all the sessions from the users in the OU with the following GUID       

MATCH p=(o:OU {guid:'045939B4-3FA8-4735-YU15-7D61CFOU6500'})-[r:Contains*1..]->(u:User) MATCH (c:Computer)-[rel:HasSession]->(u) return u.name,c.name

Creating a property on the users that have an actual path to anything high_value(heavy query. takes hours on a large dataset)  

MATCH (u:User) MATCH (g:Group {highvalue: true}) MATCH p = shortestPath((u:User)-[r:AddMember|AdminTo|AllExtendedRights|AllowedToDelegate|CanRDP|Contains|ExecuteDCOM|ForceChangePassword|GenericAll|GenericWrite|GetChangesAll|GpLink|HasSession|MemberOf|Owns|ReadLAPSPassword|SQLAdmin|TrustedBy|WriteDacl|WriteOwner|AddAllowedToAct|AllowedToAct*1..]->(g)) SET u.has_path_to_da =true

What “user with a path to any high_value group” has most sessions?    

MATCH (c:Computer)-[rel:HasSession]->(u:User {has_path_to_da: true}) WITH COLLECT(c) as tempVar,u UNWIND tempVar as sessions WITH u,COUNT(DISTINCT(sessions)) as sessionCount RETURN u.name,u.displayname,sessionCount ORDER BY sessionCount desc

Creating a property for Tier 1 Users with regex:

MATCH (u:User) WHERE u.name =~ 'internal_naming_convention[0-9]{2,5}@EXAMPLE.LOCAL' SET u.tier_1_user = true

Creating a property for Tier 1 Computers via group-membership:           

MATCH (c:Computer)-[r:MemberOf*1..]-(g:Group {name:'ALL_SERVERS@EXAMPLE.LOCAL'}) SET c.tier_1_computer = true

Creating a property for Tier 2 Users via group name and an exclusion:   

MATCH (u:User)-[r:MemberOf*1..]-(g:Group)WHERE g.name CONTAINS  'ALL EMPLOYEES' AND NOT u.name contains 'TEST' SET u.tier_2_user = true

Creating a property for Tier 2 Computers via nested groups name:         

MATCH (c:Computer)-[r:MemberOf*1..]-(g:Group) WHERE g.name STARTS WITH 'CLIENT_' SET c.tier_2_computer = true

List Tier2 access to Tier 1 Computers     

MATCH (u)-[rel:AddMember|AdminTo|AllowedToDelegate|CanRDP|ExecuteDCOM|ForceChangePassword|GenericAll|GenericWrite|GetChangesAll|HasSession|Owns|ReadLAPSPassword|SQLAdmin|TrustedBy|WriteDACL|WriteOwner|AddAllowedToAct|AllowedToAct|MemberOf|AllExtendedRights]->(c:Computer) WHERE u.tier_2_user = true AND c.tier_1_computer = true RETURN u.name,TYPE(rel),c.name,labels(c)

List Tier 1 Sessions on Tier 2 Computers

MATCH (c:Computer)-[rel:HasSession]->(u:User) WHERE u.tier_1_user = true AND c.tier_2_computer = true RETURN u.name,u.displayname,TYPE(rel),c.name,labels(c),c.enabled

List all users with local admin and count how many instances    

OPTIONAL MATCH (c1)-[:AdminTo]->(c2:Computer) OPTIONAL MATCH (c1)-[:MemberOf*1..]->(:Group)-[:AdminTo]->(c3:Computer) WITH COLLECT(c2) + COLLECT(c3) AS tempVar,c1 UNWIND tempVar AS computers RETURN c1.name,COUNT(DISTINCT(computers)) ORDER BY COUNT(DISTINCT(computers)) DESC

Find all users a part of the VPN group   

Match (u:User)-[:MemberOf]->(g:Group) WHERE g.name CONTAINS "VPN" return u.name,g.name

Find users that have never logged on and account is still active 

MATCH (n:User) WHERE n.lastlogontimestamp=-1.0 AND n.enabled=TRUE RETURN n.name ORDER BY n.name

Adjust Query to Local Timezone (Change timezone parameter)

MATCH (u:User) WHERE NOT u.lastlogon IN [-1.0, 0.0] return u.name, datetime({epochSeconds:toInteger(u.lastlogon), timezone: '+10:00'}) as LastLogon

Thank you to the following contributors:

@sbooker_, @_wald0, @cptjesus, @ScoubiMtl, @sysop_host, @haus3c, @bravo2day, @rvrsh3ll, @Krelkci

6 comments

  1. Oh you’re right, sorry. That query looks like an older one that I had, try this

    MATCH (u:User) WHERE u.hasspn=true AND u.pwdlastset < (datetime().epochseconds – (1825 * 86400)) AND NOT u.pwdlastset IN [-1.0, 0.0] RETURN u.name, u.pwdlastset order by u.pwdlastset

    If you still get an error with that, replace the “-” after epochseconds with your own. This query is very fickle.

  2. Thanks for the reply…for this query I don’t see any quotation marks that could be giving me the error. Here’s the query again:

    MATCH (u:User) WHERE n.hasspn=true AND WHERE u.pwdlastset < (datetime().epochseconds – (1825 * 86400)) and NOT u.pwdlastset IN [-1.0, 0.0] RETURN u.name, u.pwdlastset order by u.pwdlastset

  3. I just ran the query again and it worked for me, but I think it’s because you have a different keyboard and using a different type of ASCII quote than what I do. Try replacing all the quotation marks with yours (double/single doesn’t matter) and it should work. There’s a difference in UK and US keyboard that gives that error sometimes.

  4. Hello…first of all thank you for this great blog…learning a lot from your posts. I tried one of the cypher query above in the console for “Find All Users with an SPN/Find all Kerberoastable Users with passwords last set > 5 years ago (In Console)”. I get the below error after I cut and paste the exact query as stated above:

    Neo.ClientError.Statement.SyntaxError
    Invalid input ‘.’: expected ‘n/N’ (line 1, column 47 (offset: 46))
    “MATCH (u:User) WHERE n.hasspn=true AND WHERE u.pwdlastset < (datetime().epochseconds – (1825 * 86400)) and NOT u.pwdlastset IN [-1.0, 0.0] RETURN u.name, u.pwdlastset order by u.pwdlastset"

    Curious if it is happening for just me or something wrong with the query. Thank you

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