Bloodhound is a phenominal tool that should be in every pentester’s toolkit, as it literally graphs an attack plan, but that also means that it’s just as useful to the blue team. When I do pentests or risk assessments and show the client Bloodhound, they’re both
- Confused on how to use it
The tool in itself isn’t confusing, it’s just there’s so much data and so much you can do, that it becomes overwhelming quickly, especially from a blue team perspective where there’s all these paths leading to a domain controller. Often times, I just wanted to list only the machines that allowed Unconstrained Delegation, or just the output of the node details for all domain admins to see when their passwords were changed last. Generating these metrics was a pain, because you’d have to click on a node, screenshot, paste into report, then click on the next node and so on. Luckily, @SadProcessor read my mind and probably other people’s as well, and developed CypherDog. Instantly, this made generating statistics so much easier. You want the node details of every DA? Easy. You want to list every computer that allows Unconstrained Delegation? Done. This is all done via Powershell and it’s extremely simple to use. I encourage you to watch SadProcessor’s talk at Troopers on using CypherDog as it’s a phenomenal talk.
With that being said, I figured I’d publish some of my favorite commands for CypherDog. This is more geared towards the blue team, but obviously that means the red team could use it too.
First, setting up CypherDog is easy. Once you have Bloodhound worked and have active data in it, download the repository for CypherDog here, then import the .ps1 file.
Stop the neo4j service
net stop neo4j
Open the neo4j config file in your neo4j directory /conf/neo4j.conf and uncomment the line that says
So that it can use the DB without authentication locally.
Then start neo4j
net start neo4j
And you can now see the commands you can use with CypherDog via the command
Here’s a few of my most used commands.
|List all members of the Domain Admins group||List Member ‘DOMAIN ADMINS@DOMAIN.LOCAL’ | ft name,description,pwdlastset,lastlogon,serviceprincipalnames,homedirectory|
|List all computers that allow Unconstrained Delegation, list only the name and Object ID||Node Computer | where unconstraineddelegation -eq $true | select name,objectsid|
|Find all groups with ‘admin’ in it||NodeSearch Group admin | ft name,description|
|Path find from user to Domain Admins group||Path User Group BOB@DOMAIN.LOCAL ‘DOMAIN ADMINS@DOMAIN.LOCAL’|
|Path find from user to computer||Path User Computer BOB@DOMAIN.LOCAL ‘EXCHANGE@DOMAIN.LOCAL’|
|See what groups an object is part of||Edge User USER@DOMAIN.LOCAL MemberOf Group|
|See what computers a user can RDP to||Edge User BOB@DOMAIN.LOCAL CanRDP Computer|
|See what users can RDP into a computer||EdgeR User CanRDP Computer DC01.DOMAIN.LOCAL|
|See what users have GenericWrite on a computer||EdgeR User GenericWrite Computer DC01.DOMAIN.LOCAL|
|See what users have GenericWrite into a group||EdgeR User GenericWrite Group ‘DOMAIN ADMINS@DOMAIN.LOCAL’|
|View all objects with SPNs||Node User | where hasspn -eq $true | ft name,serviceprincipalnames|
|View all high value groups and their descriptions||HighValue Group | ft name, description|
|View all GPOs and their path||Node GPO | ft name,gpcpath|
|See all OUs that allow inheritance||Node OU | where blocksinheritance -eq $false | ft name|
|View all user’s email addresses||Node User | ft displayname, name, email|
|View all 2003 machines. Replace 2003 with xp, 7, 10, 2012, etc. for that OS.||Node Computer | where operatingsystem -match 2003 | ft name,operatingsystem|
|View all GPOs for a domain. Press enter when PS asks for a ‘key’.||NodeSearch GPO | where name -match DOMAIN | ft name,description|
|View if a computer with a specific OS has logged on recently (Use first four digits from toady’s Unix Epoch time: http://epochconverter.com)||Node Computer | where operatingsystem -match 2008 | where lastlogontimestamp -match 1566|
This list is of course not comprehensive and will be updated regularly, but these are just some of the ones I use the most. I’m open to any suggestions, feel free to message me on Twitter @haus3c
CypherD0g – @SadProcessor
BloodHound – @SpecterOps, @CptJesus, @Wald0, & @harj0y